Once you’ve mastered the basic steps for viewing molecules and their data (TorchLite Guide Part 1) try the following more advanced steps for editing your molecules.
To follow along, download TorchLite for free and load any .sdf or .mol2 file into the software. If you don’t have a molecule ready, try this project to get started with the TorchLite molecular editor.
- To get started simply load molecules using the ‘Open’ icon in the menu or click “File: Open” and browse to an appropriate file (e.g.: .sdf, .sd, .mol .mol2, etc.), which will then appear in both 2D and 3D format. Alternatively, click “Edit: Paste” to paste molecules from clipboard (eg .using copy paste from Chemdraw or Accelrys Discovery Studio)
- Left click on a molecule you want to edit in the 2D molecule window. Right click to open the menu and “Edit a copy” of the selected molecule to open the editor. Click and drag the bottom right of the editor window to enlarge the view.
- Look at the bottom right for instructions on how to manipulate the molecule. Break a bond by hovering over the bond and pressing delete on the keyboard (or you can also right click and select delete). You can undo any manipulations by pressing Ctrl-Z. Add a new atom by left clicking and dragging from an existing atom.
- You can select part of a molecule (eg. a section you created via the bond breakage) by hovering over it with the mouse and right clicking to reveal the context sensitive menu. This menu can be used to select and to manipulate this fragment independently. Alternatively, whilst holding Ctrl and left clicking on an atom, or moving the mouse to create a lasso, you can select any part of a molecule to edit.
- Bonds can be rotated by hovering over the bond of interest (which will highlight in magenta), left clicking and then moving the mouse to spin the smaller fragment. Holding shift and repeating the above will spin the larger fragment.
- Bond order can be changed by left clicking while hovering over a bond. This will increase the bond order and then cycle on subsequent clicks.
- Translation of molecules can be done by right clicking an atom and dragging. If a fragment or atom is selected this translates the selection relative to the non-selected independently.
- Clicking “Minimization” applies the minimizer to the molecule in the editor window and will find the local minimum energy of the structure. If fragments are selected (those highlighted in cyan) then the minimization only applies to that fragment. You can use this to keep a bioactive conformation rigid and minimize only the part you have changed.
- The “Charge for ph7” button will protonate basic functionality and deprotonate acidic functionality. Atom charge can be manually set by selecting an atom, right clicking to open the menu and selecting the desired charge. The “Add fields” button will re-calculate fields after an edit. Most of the display settings are the same as those in the main 3D window and are viewable in this editor.
- Changing chirality of a stereo center can be done by first using “Add H”. Use the labels dropdown menu (top menu bar) to select “Chirality”, then, select the H atom while right clicking and dragging through the stereo center. Minimize the selected stereo center and one of the connected groups by selecting this portion only. You should observe the label display the inverted chirality.
- Save the molecule back in to the main project and close the editor at any time. The new molecule this will then be selectable from the 2D window. Right click on the 2D window and select “Rename Molecule” or simply double click the “Title” cell to give your newly edited molecule a recognizable name. Compare back with the original molecule by pressing “Ctrl” and clicking on the original molecule. You can compare them next to each other (use the “Grid” button on the toolbar on the right) or overlaid.
- To create a completely new molecule from the 3D window, use “Edit” from the top menu and select “Create Molecule” which will open a blank editor. Click to place an atom or ring template which can then be manipulated further.