flare™

QSAR models

Decipher complex SAR and choose the best molecules to make

Decipher Structure-Activity Relationships

The Activity Atlas™ and Activity Miner™ components of Flare enable you to understand the electrostatics and shape features which rule the SAR of your ligand series.

When viewed in combination with 3D maps of protein electrostatics, Activity Atlas maps are a powerful way to get an in depth understanding of the SAR for your ligand series

Summarize SAR

Activity Atlas visually summarizes the SAR for your ligand series generating informative 3D maps based on a Bayesian analysis of the:

  • Average electrostatic and shape character of active molecules
  • Activity cliffs information from the Activity Miner disparity matrix
  • Electrostatic and shape regions that have been explored so far

Activity Atlas is particularly useful for those project teams where there is not enough SAR for building a quantitative SAR model, and to aid the interpretation of quantitative Machine Learning models.

When viewed in combination with 3D maps of protein electrostatics, Activity Atlas maps are a powerful way to get an in depth understanding of the SAR for your ligand series.

The different Activity Miner views to focus on different aspects of your SAR

Rapidly navigate complex SAR

Activity Miner enables the rapid navigation of complex SAR by analyzing activity and selectivity cliffs to highlight critical regions in the SAR landscape where major changes take place.

Multiple view of your data help you find key molecule pairs in your SAR where an activity cliffs is observed. For each pair, Activity Miner shows you how the electrostatic and shape properties differ, building an understanding of how to design better compounds with better properties.

The different views enable you to focus on different aspects of your SAR.

Robust QSAR models for activity prediction

Build a wide range of quantitative models to predict the activity and ADMET properties of new compounds and prioritize the best molecules to make.

Field QSAR: prediction and interpretation

Field QSAR: Prediction and interpretation

Field QSAR models provide a global view of your SAR data. They work well where the SAR landscape is smooth – small changes in a molecule lead to small changes in activity. Where a robust model is obtained it can be usefully employed in the prediction of activity for new molecule designs, aiding the prioritization for synthesis. Alongside each prediction the fit of a particular compound to the model can be studied to understand what is favorable or unfavorable about the design. This gives feedback to improve the design but also aids in deciphering the model and the reason a particular compound is highly active or inactive.

Robust Machine Learning models for predicting activity and ADMET properties

Robust Machine Learning models for predicting activity and ADMET properties

Build predictive Quantitative SAR models choosing among several robust and well validated machine learning methods – or by running them all and letting Flare pick the best.

Calculate quantitative models of regression – suitable when the biological activity data are real values such as pKi or pIC50 – or classification, to model qualitative biological data or data expressed as activity ranges (e.g., % inhibition).

Predictive activity models can be calculated using Flare’s 3D descriptors, modeling the shape and electrostatic character of aligned molecules, as well as custom 3D/2D descriptors, aiding the development of QSAR models for relevant ADMET properties.

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